Here is a Sleep Disorder List covering the most common disorders with a basic explanation:

Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. It can be a temporary sleep condition or develop into a more chronic long term sleep disorder. What are the signs of insomnia? Find out here:
Signs of Insomnia

Hypersomnia: The opposite of insomnia. A person sleeps longer and for more hours than what is normal - during the night or the day. It is difficult for them to wake up. The need to take naps is compelling, but provides no relief. Find out more about primary hypersomnia here: Primary Hypersomnia

Children Bedwetting: Another name is nocturnal enuresis which is bed-wetting while sleeping. Children Bedwetting

Bruxism: Clenching and grinding the teeth while sleeping. This condition is common in children but occurs in adults as well. Find out what causes this sleep disorder and ways of treating it here: What is Bruxism?

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Airway obstruction while sleeping, which limits deep sleep; snoring usually accompanies it Types of Sleep Apnea

Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome (DSPS): Fall asleep and waken at unusual times, but able to maintain sleep (circadian rhythms disorder)

Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome (ASPS): Another circadian rhythms disorder where person goes to sleep early and rises early

Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Syndrome: Circadian rhythm disorder where the body does not function with the 24 hour biological clock

Hypopnea Syndrome: A slow respiratory rate or shallow breathing while sleeping

Narcolepsy: Unwilling and spontaneous falling asleep with excessive daytime sleepiness What is Narcolepsy?

Nocturia: A reoccuring need to go to the bathroom and urinate at night

Cataplexy: Abrupt weakness with one's motor muscles

Night Terror: Not nightmares but rather a sudden awakening with gasping, moaning, or crying out. There is no recall of the episode in the morning. It is not uncommon in young children, but adults can experience it as well. Night Terrors in Children

Parasomnias: Arousal disorder with abnormal behaviors and thoughts such as sleep walking

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS): Associated with Periodic Limb Movement with an irressistable need to move the legs

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) / Nocturnal Mycolonus: The involuntary movement of legs and/or arms while sleeping

Rapid Eye Movement Behavior Disorder (RBD): Movements in REM sleep from twitches to acting out dreams

Situational Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders: Jet lag and shift work sleep disorders (SWSD)

Sleep Paralysis: A temporal paralysis of the body right before or after sleep. Often associated with auditory, visual, or tactile hallucinations. Sometimes classified as a part of narcolypsey

Sleep Walking / Somnambulism: Doing actions typical with being awake such as walking around, eating or dressing, without conscious knowledge or awareness.

Snoring: It is a symptom of a problem and not an actual disorder

Sleeping Sickness: Parasite disease transmitted by the Tsetse fly

Sleep Talking / Somniloquy: Talking while sleeping

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): The sudden death of an infant under the age of one. It usually occurs in the crib while the baby is sleeping.


What are the requirements for a Home Sleep Test?

  1. One or more of the following must be present:  Daytime Sleepiness, loud snoring, witnessed breathing interruptions or awaking choking/gasping
  2. Cannot have moderate to severe pulmonary disease, neuro-muscular disease, congestive heart failure or a suspected sleep disorder other than Sleep Apnea
Interactive self-evaluation test


Using the rating scale below, rate each of the following statements as it best applies to you:


            0                       1                    2                       3

Would never doze Slight chance
of dozing
Moderate chance
of dozing
High chance
of dozing
  Sitting and reading
  Watching TV
  Sitting inactive in a public place (e.g. cinema or in a meeting)
  Being in a car for an hour as a passenger (without a break)
  Lying down to rest in the afternoon (when possible)
  Sitting and chatting to someone
  Sitting quietly after lunch (not having had alcohol)
  In a car when you stop in traffic for a few minutes

 Your Score 
 It Means    


Result What your ESS result indicates
Less than 10 You are most likely getting enough sleep
However, if you have noticed a change in your normal sleep routine, you may want to discuss this with your doctor.
10 - 15 Your may be suffering from excessive daytime sleepiness
You should see you Doctor to determine the cause of your sleepiness and possible treatment. 
Your Doctor may refer you to Sleep Services for a home-based sleep study to assist in your diagnosis.
16+ You are dangerously sleepy
It is imperative that you see your Doctor to determine the cause of your sleepiness, and to investigate treatment as soon as possible.  Your Doctor can refer you to Sleep Services for a sleep study to assist in your diagnosis.

  I have been told that I snore.
  I have been told that I hold my breath while I sleep.
  I have high blood pressure or am taking medication to treat high blood pressure.
  My friends and family say that I'm often grumpy and irritable.
  I wish I had more energy.
  I get morning headaches.
  I often wake up gasping for breath.
  I am overweight.
  I often feel sleepy and struggle to remain alert during the day.
  I frequently wake with a dry mouth.
  I have difficulty falling asleep.
  I often wake up and have trouble getting back to sleep.
  No matter how much sleep I get, I never feel refreshed.
  I have fallen asleep while driving.
  I often feel like I am in a daze.
  I wake up at night coughing or wheezing.
  During the night I suddenly wake up feeling like I am choking.
  I have difficulty falling asleep.
  Thoughts race through my mind and prevent me from getting to sleep.
  I anticipate a problem with sleep several times a week.
  I often wake up and have trouble getting back to sleep.
  I worry about things and have trouble relaxing.
  I wake up earlier in the morning than I would like to.
  I lie awake for half an hour or more before I fall asleep.
  I often feel sad or depressed because I can't sleep.
  I have experienced vivid dreamlike scenes upon falling asleep.
  I have fallen asleep in social settings such as at a party or during conversations.
  I have vivid dreams soon after falling asleep or during naps.
  I have "sleep attacks" during the day no matter how hard I try to stay awake.
  I have episodes of feeling paralyzed sometimes when I'm sleeping.
  I have noticed (or others have commented) that parts of my body jerk during sleep.
  I have been told that I kick and jerk during sleep.
  When trying to go to sleep, I experience an aching or crawling sensations in my legs.
  I experience leg pain or cramps at night.
  Sometimes I can't keep my legs still at night, I just have to move them to feel comfortable.
  I go to sleep late at night and have difficulty getting up in the morning for my daily activities.


I go to sleep early at night but awaken early in the morning and can't get back to sleep.


*DISCLAIMER this test is a means of understanding an individuals sleepiness, and is in no way a diagnosis of any sort.


Now that you have taken the test you have a good understanding of your sleepiness.  If your score is above 10 it is reommended that you inform your Primary Care Physician that you are concerned about your  sleep, and your Physician will refer you to a Sleep Specialist.  If you as a patient want to try Home Sleep Testing ask your Primary Care if you can be referred to Southwest Home Sleep Testing, and we will take care of You!